This is a small guide on How to install configure printers on Linux (cups and foomatic-db)?.We will be using cups, cups-client and foomatic-db for this purpose. Foomatic is a database-driven system for integrating free software printer drivers with common spoolers under Unix. It supports CUPS, LPRng, LPD, GNUlpr, Solaris LP, PPR, PDQ, CPS, and direct printing with every free software printer driver known to us and every printer known to work with these drivers. If you’re not familiar with read it from the Linux Foundation
How to install configure printers on Linux
Following hardware’s are proven to be working with cups and foomatic-db.
- Local Printers:
- HP Printer (HPLIP)—– All HP series
- Canon MP270 series (Canon MP270 series) — All Canon series
- HP Fax (HPLIP)
- Network Printers:
- Internet Printing Protocol (http)
- Internet Printing Protocol (ipps)
- Internet Printing Protocol (ipp)
- AppSocket/HP JetDirect
- Internet Printing Protocol (https)
- LPD/LPR Host or Printer
- Windows Printer via SAMBA
Install required packages
In here we install required packages and their dependencies using apt-get or aptitude
apt-get install cups cups-client "foomatic-db"
Add user to lpadmin group
Now we add root or any other user to lpadmin group. lpadmin group owns printing preferences.
adduser root lpadmin
Adding user `root' to group `lpadmin' ... Adding user root to group lpadmin Done.
root mean your system account, if your account is with different name, type different name. For example, If your username is userX do this:
adduser userX lpadmin
Adding user `userX' to group `lpadmin' ... Adding user userX to group lpadmin Done.
Restart cups and samba service
Now wer restart cups service just to make sure everything is ok.
service cups restart
If you also have SAMBA service running, restart that:
service samba restart
Start cups service
If you haven’t started or restarted cups already, this is the time to do it.
service cups start
[ ok ] Starting Common Unix Printing System: cupsd.
Find USB printer
To find USB printer type the following in Terminal
netstat -ant | grep 631
tcp 0 0 127.0.0.1:631 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN tcp6 0 0 ::1:631 :::* LISTEN tcp6 0 0 ::1:39723 ::1:631 ESTABLISHED tcp6 0 0 ::1:39722 ::1:631 ESTABLISHED tcp6 0 0 ::1:631 ::1:39723 ESTABLISHED tcp6 0 0 ::1:39721 ::1:631 ESTABLISHED tcp6 0 0 ::1:631 ::1:39721 ESTABLISHED tcp6 0 0 ::1:39720 ::1:631 ESTABLISHED tcp6 0 0 ::1:39724 ::1:631 TIME_WAIT tcp6 0 0 ::1:631 ::1:39722 ESTABLISHED tcp6 0 0 ::1:631 ::1:39720 ESTABLISHED
In terminal type:
Bus 001 Device 010: ID 04a9:173b Canon, Inc.
(Output depends on your printer series)
- Open browser and type:
- In semicolon: CUPS for Administrators
- Click on Adding Printers and Classes
- Click on Add printer
- Type your username(system account) and password(system password)
- Choose your printer
- Follow instructions to complete rest of the installation……
- In System Settings: Go and check
- You’ll see your installed printer
Add cups service to startup
Follow steps below to add cups for printer to start-up programs:
- Go to System Tools>Preferences>Start-up Programs
- Click on Add
Name: Cups & printers
service cups start
comment: CUPS-standards-based, open source printing system
Now you can print from Linux.